You have just been given an assignment to write an annotated online bibliography apa. Before you begin, you need to know what exactly an annotated bibliography is and how to get started.
An annotation is more than just a brief summary of an article, book, Web site or other type of publication. An annotation should give enough information to make a reader decide whether to read the complete work. In other words, if the reader were exploring the same topic as you, is this material useful and if so, why? How is an annotation different from an abstract? While an abstract also summarizes an article, book, Web site or other type of publication, it is purely descriptive.
Although annotations can be descriptive, they also include distinctive features about an item. Annotations can be evaluative and critical as we will see when we look at the two major types of annotations. A descriptive or informative annotated bibliography describes or summarizes a source as does an abstract, it describes why the source is useful for researching a particular topic or question, its distinctive features. In addition, it describes the author’s main arguments and conclusions without evaluating what the author says or concludes.
This editorial from the Economist describes the controversy surrounding video games and the effect they have on people who use them. The author points out that skepticism of new media have gone back to the time of the ancient Greeks, so this controversy surrounding video games is nothing new. The article also points out that most critics of gaming are people over 40 and it is an issue of generations not understanding one another, rather than of the games themselves. Please pay attention to the last sentence. While it points out distinctive features about the item it does not analyze the author’s conclusions. An analytical or critical annotation not only summarizes the material, it analyzes what is being said.
It examines the strengths and weaknesses of what is presented as well as describing the applicability of the author’s conclusions to the research being conducted. For most of your annotated bibliographies, however, you will be writing analytical or critical annotations. The article points out that most critics of gaming are people over 40 and it is an issue of age not of the games themselves. Please note that in these samples, the citations follow the APA format. Your instructor may require you to use another citation format, such as MLA, so check first. To get started Now you are ready to begin writing your own annotated bibliography. Choose your sources Before writing your annotated bibliography, you must choose your sources.
This involves doing research much like for any other project. Locate records to materials that may apply to your topic. Review the items Then review the actual items and choose those that provide a wide variety of perspectives on your topic. Article abstracts are helpful in this process. Write the citation and annotation When writing your annotation, the complete citation should always come first and the annotation follows. Annotated bibliographies may be arranged alphabetically or chronologically, check with your instructor to see what he or she prefers. Guidelines for formatting the citations Remember, the citations themselves must be formatted properly.
UMUC has prepared these guides to help you correctly format citations according to APA, MLA or Chicago Style. Remember to check with your instructor if you are unsure which style to use. Thank you for watching this presentation, please be sure to visit us for all your information needs. UMUC is a proud member of the University System of Maryland. 2018 University of Maryland University College. Don’t want to cite by hand?
You’ll most likely use APA format if your paper is on a scientific topic. Many behavioral and social sciences use APA’s standards and guidelines. Behavior sciences study human and animal behavior. Social sciences focus on one specific aspect of human behavior, specifically social and cultural relationships. Many other fields and subject areas regularly use this style too. If you’re not sure which style to use for your research assignment or project, ask your instructor.
While writing a research paper, it is always important to give credit and cite your sources, which acknowledge others’ ideas and research that you’ve used in your own work. Not doing so can be considered plagiarism, possibly leading to a failed grade or loss of a job. This style is one of the most commonly used citation styles used to prevent plagiarism. In this guide, you’ll find information related to writing and organizing your paper according to the American Psychological Association’s standards. This section of our guide focuses on proper paper length, how to format headings, and desirable wording. Make sure you’re able to get your points across in a clear and brief way.