Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. Enter the characters you see below Sorry, organic chemistry lab report just need to make sure you’re not a robot. The purpose of this lab is to synthesize cyclohexanone. Cyclohexanone is used as a precursor for nylon.
This makes it one of the largest mass produced chemicals in the industry. Billions of kilograms of cyclohexanone are produced each year for the making of nylon . The synthesis of cyclohexanone is simple. First, sodium hypochlorite and acetic acid are reacted to yield hypochlorous acid. After cyclohexanone is synthesized, it must be separated out from by-products.
In order for it to be separated out, sodium chloride is added to the mixture. The sodium chloride will salt out the cyclohexanone from the aqueous layer. Now the aqueous layer and the cyclohexanone must be separated. Dichloromethane is added to the mixture. Next, the cyclohexanone and dichloromethane are separated from the aqueous layer by liquid-liquid separation. Chemicals can be dangerous and the right precautions should be taken to avoid harm. Lab coat, goggles, and gloves should be worn at ALL TIMES .
One chemical hazard to be aware of is that acetic acid is extremely irritating and skin contact and inhalation should be avoided. Also, cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone are toxic and irritating. Caution should always be used when handling all chemicals. First, a 500 mL 3-neck round bottom flask was secured to a ring stand with all joints tightly connected. A thermometer was attached to one of the necks of the round bottom flask.